Clapham Junction

Clapham Junction railway station

Clapham Junction depot could be a major railway station and transport hub close to St John’ Hill in south-west Battersea within the London Borough of Wandsworth. it’s two miles fifty seven chains (2.71 mi; 4.37 km) from London Victoria and three miles seventy four chains (3.93 mi; 6.32 km) from London Waterloo; it is on each the South Western path and city main line yet as various alternative routes and branch lines passing through or oblique from the most lines at this station. Despite its name, Clapham Junction isn’t placed in Clapham, an area situated just about one mile (1.6 km) to the south-east.

Routes from London’ south and south-west termini, Victoria and Waterloo, funnel through the station, creating it the busiest in Europe[better supply needed] by range of trains victimization it: between a hundred and one hundred eighty per hour apart from the 5 hours when midnight. The station is additionally the busiest Great Britain Britain and Northern Ireland|kingdom} station for interchanges between services, and also the solely depot in Great Britain with additional interchanges than entries or exits.

History

On twenty one could 1838 the London and Southampton Railway became the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR), and opened its line from 9 Elms as way as Woking.

Details of roof support columns
The second line, at the start from 9 Elms to Richmond, opened on twenty seven July 1846. 9 Elms was replaced in 1848 because the terminus by Waterloo Bridge station, currently Waterloo. the road to Victoria opened by 1860. Clapham Junction opened on two March 1863, a venture of the L&SWR, the London, urban center and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) and therefore the West London Extension Railway (WLER) as associate degree interchange station for his or her lines.

The railway companies, to draw in a middle- and quality clientele, confiscated the unindustrialised parish conniving that being upon the slopes of Clapham’ tableland would solely reinforce this distinction, resulting in a durable misunderstanding that the station is in Clapham.

Incidents and accidents

Track bombing
On the morning of sixteen Dec 1991, a bomb ripped through tracks on one in every of the station’ platforms, inflicting major disruption to the rail network. The tentative Irish Republican Army (IRA) claimed responsibility.

Clapham rail disaster
On the morning of twelve December 1988, 2 collisions involving 3 commuter trains occurred slightly south west of the station thanks to a defective signal. 35 folks died and over one hundred were injured.

Discontinued proposals

A £39.5 million coming up with application from underground searching Fund was withdrawn before governmental planning committee thought on twenty could 2009.

A ‘Heathrow Airtrack’ to cut back the 95-minute journey by tube and Gatwick categorical to Gatwick and unite the good Western path with Heathrow, Gatwick and therefore the South Western path was off in 2011 following enhancements to the 2005-built Heathrow Connect track from Hayes and Harlington and sensible impediments, resembling pressure for continuing high-frequency services on the 3 deemed-‘entrenched’ semi-fast and slow services between Clapham Junction and Staines. Overground, the modification would have been at Clapham Junction.

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