Clapham that you can say it ˈklæp.əm may be a district of South London lying largely inside the London Borough of Lambeth, however with some areas witch is most notably Clapham Common extending into the neighboring London Borough of Wandsworth.
Clapham was associate degree ancient parish within the county of Surrey. For law functions the parish became a part of the Wandsworth and Clapham Union in eighteen36. The parish was additional to the Registrar General London Metropolis area in 1844 and consequently it came among the realm of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855. The population of 16,290 in 1851 was thought-about too tiny for the Clapham vestry to be a viable healthful authority and therefore the parish was sorted into the Wandsworth District, electing 18 members to the Wandsworth District Board of Works. In 1889 the parish was transferred to the County of London and in 1900 it became a part of the new Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth. it absolutely was abolished as a civil parish in 1904, turning into part of the only Wandsworth Borough parish for poor law. the previous Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth was divided in 1965 and therefore the space of the historic parish of Clapham was transferred to the London Borough of Lambeth.
Once Upon a Time
The present day Clapham main street is associate degree ancient Roman road. The road is recorded on a Roman stone now placed by the doorway of the previous Clapham Library within the previous Town, that was discovered throughout building operations at Clapham Common side in 1912. in step with its inscription, the stone was erected by St. Vitus Ticinius Ascanius. it’s calculable to this point from the first century.
in step with the history of the Clapham family, maintained by the school of Heralds, in 965 King King of England of England gave a grant of land at Clapham to Jonas, son of the Duke of Lorraine, and Jonas was thereafter called Jonas “de of Clapham”. The family remained in possession of the land till Jonas’ great-great grandchild Arthur sided against William the master throughout the Norman invasion of 1066 and, losing the land, fled to the north wherever the Clapham family remained thereafter, primarily in Yorkshire.
Clapham seems in written account as Clopeham. it had been control by Goisfrid or Geoffrey First State Mandeville, and its domesday assets were three hides; half-dozen ploughs; and five acres (20,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered £7 10s 0d, and was set in Brixton hundred.
The parish comprised 4.99 sq. kilometres or 1.93 sq mi. The benefice remains to the present} day a rectory, associate degreed within the nineteenth century was in the patronage of the Atkins family: the tithes were commuted for £488 14s. in the early 19th century, so the remaining land comprised solely eleven acres in 1848. The church, on the location of the current St Paul’ and happiness to Merton religious residence was, with the exception of the north aisle that was left standing for the performance of burials, taken down underneath an act of parliament in 1774. A new church, Holy Trinity, was erected within the following year at associate degree expense of £11,000 (equivalent to £1,394,258 in 2019), on the side of the common.
Clapham in the 17th–19th centuries
In the late seventeenth century, massive country homes began to be engineered there, and throughout the eighteenth and early nineteenth century it absolutely was favoured by the wealthier merchandiser categories of town of London, who built several large and gracious houses and villas around Clapham Common and within the previous Town. diarist spent the last 2 years of his life in Clapham, living together with his friend, protected at the Admiralty and former servant William Hewer, till his death in 1703.
Clapham Common was additionally home to Elizabeth Cook, the widow of Captain Captain James Cook the explorer. She lived in a very house on the common for several years following the death of her husband.
alternative notable residents of Clapham Common embrace Palace of borough creator Sir Charles Barry, Norwegian musician Edvard Hagerup Grieg and twentieth century author Graham Greene. John Francis Bentley, architect of Westminster Cathedral, lived within the adjacent previous Town.
within the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the Clapham Sect were a gaggle of rich town merchants (mostly evangelical Anglican) social reformers who lived round the Common. They enclosed William Wilberforce, Henry William Thornton and Zachary Macaulay, father of the historian Thomas Macaulay, also as William Smith Member of Parliament (MP), the protester and Unitarian. They were terribly distinguished in campaigns for the ending of slavery and kid labour, and for jail reform. They also promoted missionary activities in Britain’ colonies. The Society for Missions to Africa and also the East (as the Church Mission Society was initial called) was supported on twelve Apr 1799 at a gathering of the Eclectic Society, supported by members of the Clapham Sect, who met beneath the steering of John Venn, the minister of Clapham. By contrast, an opponent of Wilberforce, merchandiser and slave-trader George Hibbert additionally lived at Clapham Common, go to within the same church, Holy Trinity.
Clapham in the 20th and 21st centuries
After the approaching of the railways, Clapham developed as a suburbia for commuters into central London. Clapham street terminal opened in 1862 and also the underground town and South London Railway was extended to the world in 1900. By 1900 Clapham had fallen from favour with the higher classes. several of their grand homes had been destroyed by the center of the twentieth century, tho’ variety stay round the Common and within the recent Town, as do a considerable number of fine late 18th- and early 19th-century houses. Today’ Clapham is a region of assorted housing, from the large Queen Anne-, Regency- and Georgian-era homes of the recent city and Clapham Common, to the grids of Victorian housing within the Abbeville area. As in a lot of of London, the world conjointly includes social housing on estates geological dating from the Thirties and 1960s.
within the early twentieth century, Clapham was seen as a standard commuter suburb, usually cited as representing ordinary people: thus the acquainted “man on the Clapham omnibus”. By the 1980s, the area had undergone an additional transformation, changing into the centre for the restoration of most of the encompassing area. Clapham’ relative proximity to historically expensive areas of central London LED to a rise within the variety of upper-middle-class folks living in Clapham. nowadays the world is mostly AN affluent place, though several of its skilled residents live comparatively about to important pockets of social housing.